Are you interested in learning as much as you can about history? Have you learned plenty of things about the United States of America Constitution while having a large appetite to learn about other countries’ constitutions? You have discovered the opportunity to do this. This article compares the United Kingdom with the United States.
The condition that makes the UK unique is this country has no single constitutional document that can be compared with that of other countries. It governs through various principles and laws. These laws, or statutes, are called Acts of Parliament. Before something can become law in the UK, it has to gain approval by the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Looking at this factor, we are able to assume that their constitution requires the country’s legislative body to be comprised of two different groups of political representatives like that of the United States.
A component that the United Kingdom operates through is “Common Law”. In that nation, a common law is a law that is created and refined by judges. In America, no law is created by a judge – the judges only interpret laws that have been passed, as required by the constitution. If we focus on this comparison, we can assume the United Kingdom does not place a high priority on keeping the judicial branch from having too much influence on the laws.
A ruling faction in the United Kingdom is the Royal Prerogative, the collective name for a group of people who work for the Sovereign. They possess the power to declare wars; summon and dissolve the Parliament; ratify treaties; issue passports and regulate the Civil Service. In the United States, certain powers such as the power to declare war are granted to Congress. It is reasonable to believe that in the United Kingdom, the top leader possesses too much power and that the country does not trust the Parliament to handle military or international affairs. It is my opinion that if the Sovereign wants to start a war, ratify a treaty or grant or deny a passport to someone, his faction votes to give him what he wants so they can hold onto their jobs.
One thing the US Constitution consists of is “articles”. Each article contains a separate section of information which defines how duties are to be carried out. The first three articles define the powers of the Legislative branch (Congress), the Executive branch (the president and vice president) and the Judicial branch (the Supreme Court and all of the lower courts). America’s constitution also contains plenty of amendments, including the Bill of Rights (first ten amendments) that defines the rights granted to the nation’s citizens.
Based on the way the United Kingdom and United States have written their constitutions and determined how to run things, we can conclude that the United States cares much more about having a great legal system and highly distributing power among the separate branches than the United Kingdom. You have learned what makes the United Kingdom’s constitution different from America’s.
Constitution of the United Kingdom
United States Constitution