Cameras. There are two different styles of a digital camera. Point and shoot and SLR cameras (single lens reflex). The single lens reflex digital camera is the bigger style that you see most professionals using. The nice thing about SLR cameras is that you can change the lens and add things to the lens however, there is no viewfinder, in other words you cannot see your frame on the LCD screen until after you shoot. With point and shoot cameras you can see your frame before you shoot but you cannot change the lens or add filters and other things to the lens. SLR cameras are also significantly more expensive.
Tripod. There are some things you may consider when you get a new digital camera. You may want to purchase a tripod which will make your camera sturdy when shooting in windy weather or if you have hand shake. If you shoot with a point and shoot and you use flash you really do not need a tripod. If you shoot without flash or you shoot with an SLR camera then you will want to invest in one. I was told by my proffesor that any tripod that is under 50 bucks is junk and is not worth it. So keep that in mind. The one I bought that was cheap broke on my first outing. You can get cheap ones for tabletop tripods however.
Cases. Whether you get a point and shoot or an SLR camera as your digital camera choice you will want to keep it protected. You should buy a camera case to put your camera in or a pouch for your point and shoot at the least. There are some very nice cases on the market these days with several compartments, neat designs, and good protection.
Accessories. There are a bunch of accessories you may want to get for your digital camera. If you have a point and shoot there are not very many extras that your camera can use. With an SLR camera you can get different lenses such as a macro lens which takes amazing close up shots of things such as flowers and insects. You could also get a fisheye lens which ads an awesome panoramic kind of bubble effect on your shots and you can have alot of fun with this lens. There are several other lenses you can get. There are also filters. Some filters add a tone to your photos, some are polarized etc. You may also want to put a strap on your camera for easy carrying. There are other accessories such as cleaning kits, extra battery packs, and memory cards that you may want to check into as well.
Batteries. Your digital camera cannot run without a battery. If you shoot professionally it would be a good idea to get an extra battery and have it fully charged and take it with you on your shoots. With a point and shoot, if you use basic AA batteries you may want to consider using the recharchable ones. This is because basic point and shoot digital camera batteries die very quick and very easy.
Memory Cards. There are many different sizes of memory cards. Even the cheapest cards hold a large amount of pictures. Make sure that on your camera settings that you set it to save your photos on the memory card and not the internal memory which might hold up to 50 pictures. The memory cards hold thousands of digital photos.
Photo Editing Software. The best photo editing software, in my opinion, is Adobe Photoshop. This program can cost a couple hundred dollars, but there are ways that you can get a free copy. Just ask your teenage nefue and he will hook you up. Haha. Okay, honestly speaking you can pick up a copy at Best Buy or any computer store or you can order online. There is also a free trial online that you can try for a little while before you buy. Some student shops online offer big discounts if you can prove you are a student. Take advantage of any employee discounts from people that you know that may work at an electronics store. Anyways, photo editing software is a program for your computer that you use to change your photos to black and white, crop images, remove blemishes, add graphics, add text, etc. It is always a good idea to have some type of photo software on your computer. Your camera may come with software that has a small photo program with it.
Things to Remember:
1. Always shoot in high quality. Your camera will let you adjust the quality to hold more or less images but you will still be able to hold a significant amount shooting in high quality.
2. Take more then one shot. When shooting something it is a good idea to take two or three shots incase one of the photos has a problem that you didn’t notice when you took that first shot.
3. Don’t use flash. When you can, do not use flash. Your pictures will come out looking alot better and alot more professional if you do not use flash. Flash washes colors out and causes red eye. If you need more light open a window or move a lamp or move to a more lighted area. Outdoor natural light is the best light for any photo and will produce the best quality.
4. When changing lenses on your SLR be quick and careful. You do not want to get dust or dirt inside of your camera.