It is very important to remember there are no magic pills that can melt your fat, overnight. Neither is sudden weight loss caused by excessive dieting, healthy. Healthy weight loss requires dedicated and sustained efforts over a considerable span of time. Here are five factors that are very crucial for successfully losing and controlling weight over a long period of time.
Diet: Go for a 45-35-20 diet plan – i.e. your diet should include 45% complete protein (from sources like eggs, chicken, fish, Soya beans, milk products, etc), 35% complex carbohydrates (from sources like whole wheat bread, brown rice, etc) and only 20% healthy fat (unsaturated fat obtained from sources like fish, olive oil, flaxseeds, etc).Include plenty of dietary fibre, from sources like oatmeal, green salad, fruits and green leafy vegetables. Go for 6 smaller meals in a day instead of 3 heavy meals. Also it is very important that breakfast should be your heaviest meal of the day and dinner the lightest one. Drink a glass of hot water before your meal – this induces a ‘thermogenic’ effect in our body, as a result of which, greater percentage of the food is converted into energy. Including spices like green chilly in our diet also has similar effect. Avoid products containing sugar, simple carbohydrates like white rice, white bread and also sources of ‘unhealthy fats’ or saturated fats like red meat, butter, coconut oil, etc.
Exercise: It is very important to include weight training along with aerobics in your exercise program.Weight training is anaerobic and therefore burns carbohydrates (sugar). Cardiovascular exercises such as jogging, cycling, or stair climbing are aerobic and therefore burn fat. By weight training, there is an increase in lean body mass, as a result of which Resting Metabolism Rate or RMR increases, hence the body burns calories even during period of rest. Low calorie dieting and aerobic training without weight lifting can make you lose muscle – in fact, it can actually make you fatter. So you need to adopt a two-pronged approach when it comes to exercise, i.e. to include both aerobics and weight training also known as resistance training.
Yogasanas:Yogasanas like Paschimotannasana, Bhujangasana, Sarvangasana, Halasana, Dhanurasana, Veerasana, Trikonasana, ArdhaMatsyendrasana etc are very much beneficial in weight loss. Along with these yogasanas, Suryanamaskaar or Sun Salutation-a type of Yogasana and Pranayama(Yogic breathing technique) like Kapaalbhatti Pranayama are also very useful. Endocrine glands control various activities of body. Any problem in the functioning of endocrine glands can result in various physical problems, which includes obesity. The greatest advantage of Yoga is that it strengthens our endocrine system, hence it an important tool in combating obesity and hence weight control.
Multi-Vitamin, Multi-Mineral and Ayurvedic supplements:The body’s weight-control or weight-related functions – like appetite, hunger, metabolic rate, metabolism of fats and sugars, calorie-burning, and so on – operate more efficiently with an optimum intake of vitamins and minerals. All of them play a part in maintaining optimum health and weight.The most important vitamins and minerals for weight loss are: Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Choline (part of B-complex), Inositol (part of B-complex), Chromium and Zinc. Ayurvedic supplements like Navaak Guggul, Medohar Guggul, Gokhshuradi Guggul, Punarnavadi Guggul, Chnadraprabha Vati, Arogyavradhini, etc are also very effective when used with proper diet and Yoga.
Sleep: If you want to lose weight, experts say you need to get enough sleep. Sleeping less may affect (lower) a person’s basal metabolic rate i.e. BMR or RMR (the number of calories you burn when you rest)-another important contributor to weight control. Insufficient sleep can cause the release of additional cortisol – the stress hormone – and can stimulate hunger. Also sufficient sleep is very essential for development of the lean muscles – which boost the BMR/RMR.