The Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) defines information technology as “the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.” In general, careers in information technology provide a variety of opportunities for people who work on computer systems at different kinds of businesses. As computers become a major part of everyday life, information technology jobs will continue to increase for those who hold degrees in this field.
Software and Hardware Engineers
Information technology engineers aid in the creation of hardware equipment for various computer systems. Software engineers design and develop automated software applications that help businesses complete multiple processes at once. As hardware engineers, information technology jobs include creating, testing and supervising hardware systems to ensure that they are running properly in order to ensure that businesses run smoothly.
Other careers in information technology include working as IT Consultants. They consult various businesses and government agencies about programs that are the best technology solutions for various industries. This is a good information technology job for people who wish to set up independent consulting firms and have the ability to create their own client base. Consultants usually have at least five years experience in information technology.
Information technology jobs as network administrators work in various fields, from high schools to big corporations. Network administrators have to be adept at multitasking. Their various skills include debugging programs, fixing computer glitches, and ensuring that there are no interruptions in business operations. Other network administrative duties include creating unique computer software, setting up new network devices, and repairing computer networks when they crash. They have to be prepared for any network situation that arises during the day.
Information technology jobs as database specialists consist of customizing and maintaining database applications for businesses. Database applications that specialists are proficient in using include SQL and Access. They help businesses report POS transactions, customer data, and other web-based information for their industries.
After they have had careers in information technology for at least three years, people can assume roles as Project Leaders/Managers. In this role, they work as supervisors and managers of IT teams at various business and government entities. They are responsible for creating plans of action for each member of the team, from computer engineers to information technology specialist. They are responsible for presenting final projects to CEO and owners of private industries.
Careers in information technology are quickly become a necessary part of most government and business entities. Because this is a growing field, people can now take courses at online educational institutions. Many of these programs are now accepted by many companies and accredited by higher education institutions.