The microsystem is the innermost level of the environment. It includes activities and interaction patterns in a child’s immediate surroundings. Adults greatly affect children’s behavior, but also, genetically and socially influenced characteristics of children affect adults’ behavior. The microsystem can include the home, workplace, church, peer group, neighborhood, childcare center, and school. Relationships within this environment are bidirectional.
During prenatal development, the mother is at the center of the baby’s microsystem. She is the one that has the greatest control over how her baby will grow during prenatal development. Things that the mother does while pregnant will greatly influence this development. For example, if the mother chooses to use drugs while pregnant, the teratogens will most likely damage structural, functional, or both aspects of the baby’s body. Because of the mother’s choice to use alcohol, tobacco, and other more harmful drugs, the baby is left to deal with serious health problems for the rest of his or her life. A pregnant woman who experiences stress can also affect her unborn child. Less blood flow and oxygen will reach the baby due to the stress on the mother, so the child may experience some problems during prenatal development.
The exosystem includes the social settings that do not contain the child but do affect their experiences in immediate settings. These things will indirectly affect the development of the child. This could consist of the parents’ workplace, health and welfare services in the community, government agencies, mass media, or commerce and industry, among others. If these things work in a positive way with parents, prenatal development will be smoother, compared to a situation where there is a negative sense of environment.
The state of the environment at the time the mother is pregnant could affect the development of the fetus. Many outside factors such as radiation and chemicals in the air and water can play a role in harming the baby. Proper medical attention from qualified professionals will also help to ensure normal development of the fetus. Social support can be very helpful to a pregnant woman. An extended network of supportive friends, family, and coworkers will encourage the mother to make healthy choices and therefore, she will be less stressed during her pregnancy. Basically, if the mother feels safe and loved in her surroundings, there may be fewer problems.
Within the microsystem, the mother herself can do things to give her baby a healthier chance at life. She can commit to staying clear of alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs during the pregnancy. She can also remember to eat right and exercise to decrease some of the stress she may be experiencing. Within the exosystem, the mother can keep a positive, working relationship with her doctor. She can also maintain strong relationships between the people she interacts with on a normal basis.
Overall, if the mother chooses to partake in positive activities and surround herself with positive people, prenatal development will progress as planned. If these systems that surround the baby break down and become harmful, development will be affected in a negative way.The microsystem isthe innermost level of the environment.It includes activities and interaction patterns in a child’s immediatesurroundings.Adults greatly affectchildren’s behavior, but also, genetically and socially influencedcharacteristics of children affect adults’ behavior.The microsystem can include the home,workplace, church, peer group, neighborhood, childcare center, and school.Relationships within this environment arebidirectional