Fishing reels come in many shapes, sizes and makes. There are three main types of fishing reels which are the spin cast, the spinning and the bait casting reels. Each of these reels has some advantages and disadvantages which we will explore in this article.
The first reel is the spin cast or closed-faced reel. This reel is usually the choice of the novice or beginner fisherman/woman. The reason for this is the ease of operation. The operation of this reel can be taught to youngsters as young as 3 or 4 years old. It is also the choice of the occasional fisherman because the skill of operation can be learned very quickly and not forgotten easily. Basically it is operated by pushing a button on the rear of the reel and holding the button until you are ready to release the line into the water. There are two main disadvantages to this reel and that is most of these reels are not built to withstand much punishment from either long battles or large fish and most of them will not handle large test line.
The second reel is the spinning or open-faced reel. One of the advantages of this reel is it also has a short learning curve. The reel itself hangs from the bottom of the fishing rod and is operated by a bail retrieval system. As the crank is operated, a bail spins around the spool winding it upon the spool. The reel is casted by “cocking” the bail from the front of the spool and holding the line with the index finger of the casting hand against the bottom of the rod. Then it is a simple as releasing the line when it is time to cast. The main disadvantage to this reel is called “line-twist”. This occurs with the normal operation of the reel and literally can’t be avoided. It is something the spinning reel fisherman just learns to deal with.
The third reel is the bait casting reel and it is the most difficult to learn to operate. While difficulty of operation along with the frequent backlashes which can test even the most patient fisherman are the main disadvantages, the positives are numerous. These reels are the most rugged of the three and once mastered can catch the smallest to largest freshwater fish with little difficulty. These reels are the main choice of the professional tournament fisherman. Their technique of casting combines a little of both of the first two reels. There is a button to push on the rear of the reel while holding the line spool with your thumb. Then you simply cast the bait while releasing some, not all, pressure from the line and spool.
These are a few comparisons of the pros and cons of the three main types of freshwater fishing reels. In order to make a choice of which one is right for you consider these questions; how often am I going to fish? Am I going to fish for pan-fish or will I be going for large game-fish? Is this just going to be a weekend hobby or do I intend to make it into something bigger in the future? With these questions answered the choice of which reel will be a no-brainer.