Many of the most basic tools that an electrician would use can be found in any toolbox in any house. Electricians do require certain tools that are specific to their jobs, however. While technological advancements are introducing new tools every year, the tools mentioned here are tried and tested and belong in the box of any electrician.
Volt-Ohm Meter: Perhaps the most important tool of all for an electrician, this meter measures the voltage and ohms. It is used to immediately troubleshoot appliances, as well as test fuses and even figure out whether a wall outlet is broken. If you can afford a really nice multimeter you might prefer to go that way. A multi-tester is also a possibility as it can measure voltage as well as test continuity.
Multipurpose Tool: So named because this device can strip insulation, cut wire, crimp electrical connectors and even measure the diameter of wires. This is an invaluable tool because it does work that can be done by dedicated tools, but has the advantage of fitting into a pocket as well as hanging from a tool belt. Also, as Hank Hill proved, a multipurpose tool also serves the purpose of keeping middle school kids fascinated.
Nutdriver: A nutdriver is preferred by electricians because no other tool works as well at removing nuts and screws that have a hexagonal head. They are also preferred because they are better at protecting finishes.
Jumper Wire: A jumper wire is used to test for open electrical circuits. Some electricians even make their own jumper wire. The most important thing to remember is to never use a jumper wire on a live appliance.
Spring Clamp Pliers: This tool is used to release spring clips from water houses and is especially useful for dealing with appliances like dishwashers and washing machines. A swivel clamp is preferred because it can help the electrician to get to hard-to-reach places and comes with a ratchet that will keep the clips compressed.
Neon Circuit Tester: The neon circuit breaker glows when electric power is present. It is used for checking wall outlets. The best advice on purchasing a neon circuit tester is to get one in the range of 120 to 240 volts, although some are created specifically to test at lower voltages.
Replacement Fuses: An electrician showing up for a job without a handful of replacement fuses is like George Clooney showing up at a party of beautiful women without his little black book. To be fully prepared, the George Clooney of electricians would know the amp rating of the fuses and come with several of each rating. Just in case.
Cordless Screwdriver: Yes, Virginia, even electricians really cannot do their job without a cordless screwdriver. The reason why cordless screwdrivers are so important for electricians is that they can quite rapidly drive the screws and the fasteners necessary to the job when the electrical circuits are switched off.
Soldering Pencil: The soldering pencil is used to treat electrical wires in media appliances like televisions and radios. The ideal range is 25 to 50 watts as this will take care of all but the most heavy-duty of soldering needs. This guy who claims to have written something about being an electrician told me he had never heard of a soldering pencil before. I am not disinclined to lead him to this web site. From what I can gather, the moral of this story is that even if you claim to have written a book on something, it doesn’t necessarily mean you are any kind of expert.