There are several different materials that you need to build a pond. Building a pond by yourself can save you thousands of dollars, but it can also cause you an enormous amount of stress. Here is a list of materials that you will need if you are interested in building a pond: Money, Liner, Underliner, Pump, Tubing, Waterfall box, Rocks.
The first thing that you need to build a pond is money. Ponds are a major undertaking, and can cost a lot of money. You should plan on spending $800 for a small 5′ x 5′ pond, or around $2,000 for a 15′ x 15′ pond. This is a lot of money to spend, but the benefits of owning a pond are well worth it.
Pond liner can cost anywhere between $.40/square foot to $.90/square foot, depending on where it is purchased. You will need to purchase a 45 mil pond liner. The 45 mil liner is perfect for building a pond by yourself because it is thick enough that it won’t tear on rocks, but thin enough to maneuver around the pond area. When it comes time to lay the pond liner around the pond, you should get a friend to help you out. Liner, depending on the size, can be very heavy.
A pond underliner is crucial to building a pond that will last for more than 5 years. Underliner is a fabric (almost like felt) that protects the liner from rocks, and tree roots. Many people do not purchase underliner, which is a big mistake, because they want to save money. Underliner, along with stopping sharp rocks from tearing the liner, disperses the air that flows up from the Earth’s crust. If you do not have an underliner, then this air will form an air bubble in your pond, and eventually tear the liner. It is definitely worth the extra $.19/square foot to buy a pond underliner.
The fourth component that you will need in order to build a pond is the pump. The pump is the most expensive, and most important part of the pond. A Pond pump will range in value from $150, all the way to $2,000. Generally speaking, the bigger the price tag on the pump, the more gallons per hour it can handle. The pump is the key material in building a pond.
Pond tubing connects the pump to the top of the waterfall. The tubing size depends on the distance from the pump to the waterfall, the maximum gallons per hour of the pump, and the incline of the slope. 1.5 inch tubing will usually work for most average size ponds.
The pond’s waterfall is where people spend most of their time, when they build a pond. A poorly crafted waterfall can ruin an otherwise perfect pond. When the pump sucks in the water, it travels up the tubing, and eventually gets to the top of the waterfall. There are two options for the top of your waterfall: Get a waterfall box, or let the water disperse naturally. Most people pick the later, but if you really want a beautiful looking pond, then I suggest purchasing a waterfall box. This box will filter the dirty water, as well as disperse the water evenly.
The last component that is needed to build a pond is rocks. Get lots and lots of rocks. Pick out any kind of rocks that are needed in order to make your pond beautiful. Whatever amount of rocks that you plan on getting, triple it, because it won’t be enough. Rocks will get costly, so plan your budget before building your pond.