Alabama is home to many natural resources and recreational activities. Alabama hunting combines the best of both of these worlds into one fun activity. In preparation for hunting in Alabama, you must decide what you are going to hunt, where you are going to hunt and secure a hunting license.
What to Hunt? – – Alabama has a diverse ecology and therefore offers a wide range of animals to be hunted. The hunter must keep in mind what time of year they are hunting and verify that the animal they choose to hunt is in-season. The seasons vary by animal and the list below is the extreme range of each season:
- Deer – October 15th – January 31st
- Turkey (Gobblers only) – November 22nd – January 1st; March 16th – April 30th
- Mourning Dove – October 4th – November 2nd; November 27th – November 30th; December 6th – January 10th
- Quail – November 15th – February 28th
- Rabbit – October 1st – February 28th
- Squirrel – October 1st – February 28th
- Raccoon – September 1st – February 28th
- Opossum – September 1st – February 28th
- Alligator – August 15th – August 24th (by special permit only)
- Fox, Bobcat, Coyote and Feral Pigs/hogs – No closed season, only limited by turkey season if that area is used for turkey hunting.
- Beaver, Nutria, Groundhogs – No closed season, no restrictions
- Crows, Starlings and Blackbirds – No closed season, no restrictions
- Bear, Mountain Lion – No closed season, no restrictions
- Woodcock – December 18th – January 31st
- Snipe – November 14th – February 28th
- Canadian Goose – Special early season September 1st – September 15th
- Duck, Coot, Merganser – November 27th – January 15th
- Geese – September 27th – October 6th; November 27th – January 25th
Where to Hunt? – – Hunting in Alabama is something that may be done on public or private land. Some of the national forests allow hunting as well other public owned lands. For some of the public held lands, the shooting season may be changed or modified from that for the rest of the state. Hunting on private land is legal if the hunter has secured permission to hunt. All hunters on private land are required to carry written permission with the state even providing a form, called a courtesy card, that the land owner may use for this purpose.
Securing a Hunting License. – An Alabama hunting license is required for all hunting excursions. The state controls the licensing and is responsible for creating the licenses. They are available through various outlets, including contacting the state directly by phone or internet and purchasing in that manner. Alabama hunting licenses are also available at local offices of the fish and game service as well as courts, most sporting goods and bait and tackle stores.